Types Of Fracture
Types of Fracture
There is a range of fracture types, they are:
- An avulsion fracture is a muscle or ligament pulls on the bone, fracturing it.
- A comminuted fracture is when the bone is shattered into many pieces.
- Compression (crush) fracture generally occurs in the spongy bone in the spine. For example, the front portion of a vertebra in the spine may collapse due to osteoporosis.
- Fracture dislocation is when a joint becomes dislocated, and one of the bones of the joint has a fracture.
- Greenstick fracture happens when the bone partly fractures on one side but does not break completely because the rest of the bone can bend. This is more common among children, whose bones are softer and more elastic.
- A hairline fracture is a partial fracture of the bone. Sometimes this type of fracture is harder to detect with routine x-rays.
- An impacted fracture is when the bone is fractured; one fragment of bone goes into another.
- An intraarticular fracture happens where the break extends into the surface of a joint
- Longitudinal fracture is the break is along the length of the bone.
- An oblique fracture is a fracture that is diagonal to a bone’s long axis.
- Pathological fracture is when an underlying disease or condition has already weakened the bone, resulting in a fracture (bone fracture caused by an underlying disease/condition that weakened the bone).
- A spiral fracture is a fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted.
- A stress fracture is more common among athletes. A bone breaks because of repeated stresses and strains.
- Torus (buckle) fracture is when bone deforms but does not crack. More common in children. It is painful but stable.
- A transverse fracture is a straight break right across a bone.
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